Effective advocacy requires detailed knowledge of the various disabilities, which may impact upon school children. This section looks at some of the major disabilities and will provide links to organizations, which are important sources of information and support relative to various disabilities.
Disability categories: The statutes and rules related to each disability category under IDEA are discussed under the heading for that disability (See the tab "Disabilities" in the left-hand column). It is important that the advocate have a good understanding of the various legally recognized disability categories. These are identified in C.F.R. 300.7 (See list below). The specific eligibility criteria of each category can be somewhat complex and are usually grounded in psychological, communicational, or physical assessments. The advocate should at least be able to locate the precise legal criteria for each disability category and should be capable of understanding the assessment procedures used to determine eligibility. A few of these primary categories are: